Electronic circulate meter

Electronic move meters are industrial digital move meters used for fluid circulate measurement. In many software situations, individuals typically use digital flowmeter is electromagnetic flowmeter.
Electronic flowmeter types, such as electromagnetic flowmeter, vortex flowmeter and ultrasonic flowmeter. Electronic flowmeter for industrial liquids, water, pure gasoline, gasoline, gasoline, air. Electronic flowmeter converts the monitored fluid move into an digital sign. This consists of pulse signals, 4-20mA standard alerts, etc.
They are not absolutely digital in nature, however they symbolize a logical grouping of move measurement applied sciences. All of these meters don’t have any moving parts. They function through extremely sophisticated electronics and circuitry.
Table of Contents

What is an electronic circulate meter?

Electronic flow meter merchandise

Electronic flowmeter varieties and dealing precept

Electromagnetic flow meter

Advantages of utilizing electromagnetic flowmeter

Disadvantages of using electromagnetic move meters

Vortex flow meter

Ultrasonic flow meter

Advantages of ultrasonic flowmeters

Disadvantages of ultrasonic flow meters

How to determine on your digital move meter?

What is an digital move meter?

A circulate meter is a device used to measure the quantity or mass of a gas or liquid. Flow meters have many names depending on the precise trade, corresponding to move meters, circulate indicators, liquid meters, flow sensors, move meters, and so on.
Electronic move meters are industrial digital circulate meters used for liquid move measurement. Common kinds of electronic flow meters are electromagnetic, vortex and ultrasonic flow meters.
Electromagnetic flowmeters are essentially probably the most easy electrical flowmeters with a first operating principle derived from Faraday’s Law. Vortex flowmeters rely on piezoelectric sensors to detect vortex currents coming off a fixed shedding bar. And ultrasonic flowmeters owe their profitable software to classy digital signal processing.
Electronic circulate meter products

AYT Digital Liquid Magnetic Flow Meter

Learn More AYT Digital Liquid Magnetic Flow Meter

AFT Split Type Electromagnetic Flow Meter

Learn More AFT Split Type Electromagnetic Flow Meter

ACT Insertion Type Magnetic Flowmeter

Learn More ACT Insertion Type Magnetic Flowmeter

AQT Steam Vortex Flow Meter

Learn More AQT Steam Vortex Flow Meter

TUF Clamp On Ultrasonic Flow Meter

Learn More TUF Clamp On Ultrasonic Flow Meter

MHC Portable Ultrasonic Doppler Flow Meter

Learn More MHC Portable Ultrasonic Doppler Flow Meter

Electronic flowmeter varieties and dealing precept

Simply put, the working precept of digital flowmeter is to convert the move rate of the measured fluid into an digital sign by way of the circulate sensor assembly. And may be move show and signal output. For instance, show instantaneous move, cumulative flow, and so forth. Roughly divided into the following three categories.
Electromagnetic circulate meter

Electromagnetic circulate meters work primarily based on Faraday’s principle of electromagnetic induction. Electromagnetic flowmeter is also identified as only conductive fluid can be used.
Magnetic flow meter consists of a non-magnetic pipe lined with an insulating material. A pair of magnetic coils are positioned at proper angles to the circulate and a pair of electrodes penetrate the pipe and its lining. When electrically conductive fluid flows through the pipe under the affect of a particular density magnetic area generated by the electromagnetic coil, the quantity of voltage (E) generated throughout the electrodes is predicted by Faraday’s legislation to be proportional to velocity (V) proportional to the liquid.
E = KV

Where

E = the amount of voltage generated on the electrode

V = velocity of the fluid flowing by way of the pipe

K=calibration constant of the meter

Advantages of utilizing electromagnetic flowmeter

High accuracy and stability

Self-checking

Bi-directional measurement

No pressure loss

No shifting elements

Possible for hygienic purposes

Available in giant sizes

Disadvantages of using electromagnetic flow meters

Cannot be used to measure gases, vapors and liquids containing giant amounts of gas

Can not be used to measure liquid media with very low conductivity Electromagnetic flowmeter cannot measure media such as petroleum products or natural solvents

Can not be used to measure high temperature media. Currently restricted by the overall industrial electromagnetic flowmeter measuring tube lining materials and electrical insulation supplies.
Electromagnetic flowmeter is susceptible to the influence of external electromagnetic interference.
Vortex circulate meter

Vortex flow meters are sometimes made of 316 stainless-steel or Hastelloy and embody a blunt body, a vortex sensor meeting, and transmitter electronics. When a non-streamlined object (also called an obtuse body) is positioned in the path of a high Reynolds number move, the fluid will alternately separate from the thing on its downstream sides and, as As the boundary layer separates and coils back on itself, the fluid types vortices. These vortices result in areas of pressure fluctuations detected by piezoelectric or capacitive sensors. Fluid velocity depends on the frequency of the generated vortices and the Strouhal number and is given by the next equation

V = (fxh)/S

Where

V = common velocity of the fluid circulate

f = frequency of the generated vortex

h = width of the obtuse physique

S = number of Strouhal

S varies with Reynolds quantity; nonetheless, it’s almost fixed over a variety of circulate rates.
In practice, a k-factor representing the variety of vortices generated per unit quantity is used as an alternative of S. Thus the volumetric circulate fee is

Q = f/K

Vortex move meters are not typically beneficial for dosing or different intermittent flow purposes. This is as a result of the drip circulate setting of the dosing station may be below the minimal Reynolds quantity limit of the meter. The smaller the whole batch, the more important the resulting error may be.
Low strain (low density) gases is not going to generate robust sufficient pressure pulses, particularly at low fluid velocities. Therefore, in this sort of service, the gauge is likely to have a poor vary and will be unable to measure low circulate charges. On the opposite hand, if the reduced range is suitable and the meter is sized for normal flow, then a vortex flowmeter should be thought of.
The permanent stress loss through the vortex flowmeter is about half that of an orifice flowmeter with about two velocity heads. (Velocity head is defined as V2/g, the place V is the move fee and g is the gravitational fixed in consistent items.) If the piping and instrumentation are properly sized and identical, the strain drop could also be only some kilos per sq. inch. However, downsizing (installing smaller than line size gauges) to increase the Reynolds number can improve the top loss to greater than 10 psi. It is also important to make certain that the shrink stress isn’t decrease than the vapor strain of the process fluid, as this can lead to cavitation. Naturally, if the again strain on the meter is decrease than the steam pressure, the method fluid will flash and the meter reading shall be meaningless.
The main advantages of vortex circulate meters are their low sensitivity to adjustments in course of circumstances and low wear relative to orifice or turbine flowmeters. In addition, initial and maintenance costs are very low. For these reasons, they have gained wider acceptance amongst customers.
Ultrasonic move meter

The velocity of sound propagation in a fluid depends on the density of the fluid. However, if the density is fixed, the time of passage (or reflection) of ultrasound can be used to determine the velocity of the flowing fluid.
Ultrasonic circulate meters measure fluid velocity by transmitting high-frequency sound waves along the fluid flow path. Fluid movement affects the propagation of those sound waves, which might then be Then it could be measured to deduce the fluid velocity. There are two primary forms of ultrasonic flowmeters: Doppler and transmission time. Both kinds of ultrasonic flowmeters work by transmitting Both forms of ultrasonic circulate meters work by transmitting high-frequency sound waves into the fluid stream (incident pulse) and analyzing the acquired pulses.
Doppler flow meters utilize the Doppler effect, which is a frequency shift brought on by waves emitted or reflected from a moving object. Doppler flow meters replicate sound waves from bubbles or particles within the air stream Particulate material in the reflection of sound waves, measuring the frequency shift and inferring the fluid velocity and thus the flow price based mostly on the magnitude of that frequency shift.
In the design of a transit time ultrasonic flowmeter, the time of flight of the ultrasonic sign is measured between two transducers, one upstream and one downstream. With move or The difference in time spent towards the flow determines the fluid velocity from which the move rate is inferred.
Advantages of ultrasonic flowmeters

The electronics within the ultrasonic flowmeter embrace an ultrasonic flowmeter detector that compensates and adapts to changes in fluid distribution, fluid kind and pipe material.
Portable ultrasonic flowmeter converters can be utilized as a direct method of effectively figuring out move compared to other circulate techniques.
Compared to different mechanical move meters, ultrasonic move meter converters are inexpensive to use and keep as a end result of they have no moving parts in these circulate meters.
They are designed to be very exact and do not impede the circulate of liquids, to enable them to be used for sanitary, corrosive and abrasive liquids.
Disadvantages of ultrasonic circulate meters

The primary drawback of ultrasonic flowmeters is value. Compared to other kinds of mechanical move meters, move meters are very costly .

Compared to mechanical flow meters, ultrasonic circulate meters are extra complex and subsequently require consultants to restore and preserve the flow meters.
How to decide on your digital circulate meter?

The essential factors when selecting a proper circulate meter gadget are

Media to be measured

Accuracy

Cost

Flow range

Operating requirements

Maintenance

Lifetime

Delivery time

These factors are more or less interrelated. For instance – the value of a circulate meter increases with accuracy and high quality of life. Flowmeter calibration and upkeep are also important to contemplate.
More articles on flowmeters:
Chilled water flow meter

Ultrasonic flow meter working precept

Difference between flow meter and circulate transmitter

Working principle of rotameter
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Electronic circulate meters are industrial digital move meters used for fluid move measurement. In many application scenarios, people often use digital flowmeter is electromagnetic flowmeter.
Electronic flowmeter types, such as electromagnetic flowmeter, vortex flowmeter and ultrasonic flowmeter. Electronic flowmeter for industrial liquids, water, pure gasoline, gasoline, gasoline, air. Electronic flowmeter converts the monitored fluid move into an digital signal. This consists of pulse signals, 4-20mA standard alerts, etc.
They usually are not absolutely digital in nature, however they represent a logical grouping of circulate measurement applied sciences. All of these meters have no shifting components. They operate via extremely sophisticated electronics and circuitry.
Table of Contents

What is an digital flow meter?

Electronic circulate meter merchandise

Electronic flowmeter varieties and dealing principle

Electromagnetic flow meter

Advantages of using electromagnetic flowmeter

Disadvantages of utilizing electromagnetic flow meters

Vortex circulate meter

Ultrasonic flow meter

Advantages of ultrasonic flowmeters

Disadvantages of ultrasonic flow meters

How to choose your digital move meter?

What is an digital circulate meter?

A flow meter is a device used to measure the amount or mass of a gasoline or liquid. Flow meters have many names relying on the particular business, corresponding to circulate meters, move indicators, liquid meters, move sensors, flow meters, and so on.
Electronic circulate meters are industrial digital move meters used for liquid move measurement. Common forms of electronic flow meters are electromagnetic, vortex and ultrasonic move meters.
Electromagnetic flowmeters are primarily the most easy electrical flowmeters with a first operating precept derived from Faraday’s Law. Vortex flowmeters depend on piezoelectric sensors to detect vortex currents coming off a fixed shedding bar. And ultrasonic flowmeters owe their profitable software to stylish digital signal processing.
Electronic move meter products

AYT Digital Liquid Magnetic Flow Meter

Learn More AYT Digital Liquid Magnetic Flow Meter

AFT Split Type Electromagnetic Flow Meter

Learn More AFT Split Type Electromagnetic Flow Meter

ACT Insertion Type Magnetic Flowmeter

Learn More ACT Insertion Type Magnetic Flowmeter

AQT Steam Vortex Flow Meter

Learn More AQT Steam Vortex Flow Meter

TUF Clamp On Ultrasonic Flow Meter

Learn More TUF Clamp On Ultrasonic Flow Meter

MHC Portable Ultrasonic Doppler Flow Meter

Learn More MHC Portable Ultrasonic Doppler Flow Meter

Electronic flowmeter types and working principle

Simply put, the working precept of digital flowmeter is to convert the move rate of the measured fluid into an digital signal through the move sensor meeting. And could be flow display and sign output. For instance, display instantaneous move, cumulative move, etc. Roughly divided into the following three classes.
Electromagnetic circulate meter

Electromagnetic flow meters work primarily based on Faraday’s principle of electromagnetic induction. Electromagnetic flowmeter is also referred to as only conductive fluid can be used.
Magnetic flow meter consists of a non-magnetic pipe lined with an insulating materials. A pair of magnetic coils are positioned at right angles to the flow and a pair of electrodes penetrate the pipe and its lining. When electrically conductive fluid flows through the pipe under the affect of a particular density magnetic area generated by the electromagnetic coil, the amount of voltage (E) generated across the electrodes is predicted by Faraday’s regulation to be proportional to velocity (V) proportional to the liquid.
E = KV

Where

E = the quantity of voltage generated on the electrode

V = velocity of the fluid flowing via the pipe

K=calibration constant of the meter

Advantages of utilizing electromagnetic flowmeter

High accuracy and stability

Self-checking

Bi-directional measurement

No pressure loss

No moving elements

Possible for hygienic purposes

Available in giant sizes

Disadvantages of utilizing electromagnetic circulate meters

Cannot be used to measure gases, vapors and liquids containing massive quantities of gasoline

Can not be used to measure liquid media with very low conductivity Electromagnetic flowmeter can’t measure media corresponding to petroleum merchandise or organic solvents

Can not be used to measure excessive temperature media. Currently restricted by the general industrial electromagnetic flowmeter measuring tube lining supplies and electrical insulation materials.
Electromagnetic flowmeter is vulnerable to the influence of external electromagnetic interference.
Vortex flow meter

Vortex move meters are usually manufactured from 316 stainless steel or Hastelloy and embody a blunt body, a vortex sensor assembly, and transmitter electronics. When a non-streamlined object (also known as an obtuse body) is placed in the path of a high Reynolds quantity flow, the fluid will alternately separate from the thing on its downstream sides and, as As the boundary layer separates and coils again on itself, the fluid types vortices. These vortices result in areas of stress fluctuations detected by piezoelectric or capacitive sensors. Fluid velocity is determined by the frequency of the generated vortices and the Strouhal quantity and is given by the next equation

V = (fxh)/S

Where

V = average velocity of the fluid flow

f = frequency of the generated vortex

h = width of the obtuse body

S = number of Strouhal

S varies with Reynolds quantity; however, it’s almost constant over a wide range of flow rates.
In follow, a k-factor representing the variety of vortices generated per unit quantity is used as a substitute of S. Thus the volumetric move fee is

Q = f/K

Vortex flow meters aren’t sometimes really helpful for dosing or different intermittent flow applications. This is because the drip move setting of the dosing station could additionally be under the minimum Reynolds quantity restrict of the meter. The smaller the whole batch, the more significant the ensuing error may be.
Low pressure (low density) gases won’t generate robust sufficient strain pulses, particularly at low fluid velocities. Therefore, in this kind of service, the gauge is likely to have a poor vary and will not be able to measure low circulate charges. On the opposite hand, if the decreased vary is acceptable and the meter is sized for normal flow, then a vortex flowmeter may still be considered.
The permanent pressure loss through the vortex flowmeter is about half that of an orifice flowmeter with about two velocity heads. (Velocity head is defined as V2/g, where V is the circulate rate and g is the gravitational constant in constant units.) If the piping and instrumentation are properly sized and identical, the stress drop could additionally be just a few kilos per square inch. However, downsizing (installing smaller than line size gauges) to increase the Reynolds quantity can improve the top loss to greater than 10 psi. It can additionally be necessary to ensure that the shrink strain isn’t lower than the vapor pressure of the process fluid, as this can result in cavitation. Naturally, if the back strain on the meter is decrease than the steam pressure, the process fluid will flash and the meter studying shall be meaningless.
The primary advantages of vortex circulate meters are their low sensitivity to changes in course of situations and low wear relative to orifice or turbine flowmeters. In addition, preliminary and upkeep costs are very low. For pressure gauge 10 bar , they’ve gained wider acceptance amongst customers.
Ultrasonic move meter

The pace of sound propagation in a fluid is determined by the density of the fluid. However, if the density is constant, the time of passage (or reflection) of ultrasound can be used to determine the speed of the flowing fluid.
Ultrasonic circulate meters measure fluid velocity by transmitting high-frequency sound waves along the fluid move path. Fluid motion impacts the propagation of these sound waves, which may then be Then it might be measured to infer the fluid velocity. There are two primary types of ultrasonic flowmeters: Doppler and transmission time. Both kinds of ultrasonic flowmeters work by transmitting Both types of ultrasonic move meters work by transmitting high-frequency sound waves into the fluid stream (incident pulse) and analyzing the received pulses.
Doppler flow meters make the most of the Doppler effect, which is a frequency shift caused by waves emitted or mirrored from a transferring object. Doppler circulate meters reflect sound waves from bubbles or particles in the air stream Particulate materials in the reflection of sound waves, measuring the frequency shift and inferring the fluid velocity and thus the circulate rate primarily based on the magnitude of that frequency shift.
In the design of a transit time ultrasonic flowmeter, the time of flight of the ultrasonic signal is measured between two transducers, one upstream and one downstream. With flow or The distinction in time spent against the move determines the fluid velocity from which the circulate fee is inferred.
Advantages of ultrasonic flowmeters

The electronics in the ultrasonic flowmeter embrace an ultrasonic flowmeter detector that compensates and adapts to adjustments in fluid distribution, fluid type and pipe materials.
Portable ultrasonic flowmeter converters can be used as a direct method of successfully figuring out circulate in comparability with different flow techniques.
Compared to other mechanical move meters, ultrasonic flow meter converters are inexpensive to make use of and preserve because they haven’t any shifting parts in these circulate meters.
They are designed to be very exact and do not impede the circulate of liquids, so they can be used for sanitary, corrosive and abrasive liquids.
Disadvantages of ultrasonic move meters

The main drawback of ultrasonic flowmeters is price. Compared to different types of mechanical flow meters, move meters are very pricey .

Compared to mechanical flow meters, ultrasonic move meters are extra advanced and therefore require experts to repair and keep the move meters.
How to choose your electronic flow meter?

The important factors when selecting a proper circulate meter device are

Media to be measured

Accuracy

Cost

Flow range

Operating necessities

Maintenance

Lifetime

Delivery time

These elements are kind of interrelated. For example – the worth of a flow meter will increase with accuracy and high quality of life. Flowmeter calibration and maintenance are also essential to consider.
More articles on flowmeters:
Chilled water flow meter

Ultrasonic move meter working precept

Difference between move meter and flow transmitter

Working principle of rotameter

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